Paullinia pinnata L.
Family: Sapindaceae
Paullinia pinnata image
Steven Paton  
Liana; older stems 3-ribbed, the younger ones mostly 6-ribbed, glabrous to puberulent; tendrils forked. Leaves pinnate, strigillose on upper sides of petioles, rachises, and midribs; stipules lanceolate-sericeous,18 mm long, deciduous; petioles to 8 cm long; petiole and rachis winged, ciliate; leaflets 5, +/- elliptic, short-acuminate, obtuse at base, 5-11 cm long, 2.5-4.5 cm wide, bearing granular punctations on both surfaces and tufted axils below, remotely crenate. Thyrses solitary, 5-25 cm long, axillary or borne at fork of tendrils, spikelike; flowers white or yellowish, ca 3 mm wide, wider than long; sepals 5, +/- equal, tomentulose; petals 4, each fused with the scales to form single, broadly clavate structures, these structures densely villous, ca 1.5 mm long with a pocket at the apex, regular, alternating with sepals; stamens 8, exserted, ca 2.5 mm long; filaments flattened, villous below middle; pistil short; staminate flowers with the styles not obvious. Capsules broadly clavate, 2-4 cm long, rounded to truncate and abruptly acuminate at apex, gradually tapered to long-stipitate base, red, round to bluntly 3-sided in cross section; seeds 1-3, ellipsoid, 1.5-3 cm long, black, shiny, partly enclosed by a white aril. Croat 11111, 12845. Uncommon; seldom seen now, though many older collections exist. Flowers principally in the middle of the rainy season (June to August). The fruits mature in the early dry season (December to February). Rarely flowers in the dry season, with the fruits maturing in the middle of the rainy season. Throughout tropical America and in tropical central Africa. In Panama, known from tropical moist forest in the Canal Zone, Bocas del Toro, San Blas, Panama, and Darien and from premontane wet forest in Panama (Cerro Azul). See Fig. 344.
Paullinia pinnata image
Enrique Moreno & David Roubik  
Paullinia pinnata image
Steven Paton  
Paullinia pinnata image
Steven Paton  
Paullinia pinnata image
Thomas Croat  
Paullinia pinnata image
Steven Paton  
Paullinia pinnata image
Steven Paton  
Paullinia pinnata image
Enrique Moreno & David Roubik  
Paullinia pinnata image
Steven Paton  
Paullinia pinnata image
Paullinia pinnata image
Paullinia pinnata image
Paullinia pinnata image
Paullinia pinnata image
Paullinia pinnata image
Paullinia pinnata image
Paullinia pinnata image