2. Thunbergia fragrans Roxb. FIGURE 16 Thunbergia fragrans Roxb. Pl. Coromand. 1: 47. 1795. Type collected at Samulcotah, India. Thunbergia volubilis Pers. Syn. Pl. 2: 179. 1806. Type collected in India and deposited in the herbarium of Jussieu, Paris. A slender finely pubescent vine up to 2 meters long, usually climb- ing; leaves ovate to ovate-lanceolate, acuminate at apex, hastate or cordate at base, entire or remotely few-toothed toward base; petioles slender, 1 to 4 cm, long; flowers axillary; peduncles 2 to 7 cm. long; bracts lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, 1.5 to 2 cm. long; corolla white, 2.5 to 3 cm. long, the lobes crenate, nearly as long as the tube; capsule depressed-globose, about 8 mm. in diameter, tipped by a stout flattened subulate beak 1 to 1.5 cm. long. VERNACULAR NAME: Enredadera blanca, pico de ave (Duque-Jara- millo 1804, 1936). Roadsides, thickets, waste grounds in general. Naturalized after cultivation. Found in tropical regions throughout most parts of the world. Although specifically named fragrans there is considerable difference of opinion as to whether the flowers are actually fragrant. Some find them so, others find them fragrant only at certain times during the day, and still others fail entirely to detect any marked odor.
ANTIOQUIA: Titiribf, vicinity of Medellín, Toro 554 (NY). Valparaiso, vicinity of Medellin, Toro 1639 (NY). BOLIVAR: Vicinity of Cartagena, Bro. Heriberto 410 (US). CHOOó: Clearing at Andagoya, Killip 35365 (US). CUNDINAMARCA: Girardot, Pérez-Arbeláez 382 (US). Jerusalem, Pérez-Ar- beláez 577 (US). CAUCA: Orchards, Candelaria to Palmira, Duque-Jamarillo 1396 (Valle). EL VALLE: Andalucia, Dryander 413 (US). Orchards and gardens, Cali, Duque-Jaramillo 1804 (US).