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  Plantae
      Anthocerotophyta
        Anthocerotae
            Anthocerotopsida
                    Anthocerotales
                            Anthoceratoaceae
                            Anthocerotaceae
                            Codoniaceae
                            Dendrocerotaceae
                            Notothyladaceae
            Leiosporocerotopsida
                    Leiosporocerotales
                            Asphodelaceae
                            Aspidiaceae
      Bacillariophyta
            Bacillariophyceae
                    Achnanthales
                            Cocconeidaceae
                    Bacillariales
                            Bacillariaceae
                    Centrales
                            Actinodiscaceae
                            Asterolampraceae
                            Biddulphiaceae
                            Chaetoceraceae
                            Chaetocerotaceae
                            Coscinodiscaceae
                            Cymatosiraceae
                            Eupodiscaceae
                            Melosiraceae
                            Pyxillaceae
                            Rhizosoleniaceae
                            Thalassionemataceae
                            Thalassiosiraceae
                    Cymbellales
                            Cymbellaceae
                            Gomphonemataceae
                    Fragilariales
                            Fragilariaceae
                    Lyrellales
                            Lyrellaceae
                    Naviculales
                            Naviculaceae
                            Pinnulariaceae
                            Pleurosigmataceae
                            Stauroneidaceae
                    Pennales
                            Achnanthaceae
                            Diatomaceae
                            Entomoneidaceae
                            Epithemiaceae
                            Gomphonemaceae
                            Nitzschiaceae
                    Rhopalodiales
                            Rhopalodiaceae
                    Surirellales
                            Surirellaceae
                    Tabellariales
                            Tabellariaceae
            Coscinodiscophyceae
                    Melosirales
            Fragilariophyceae
                    Rhaphoneidales
                            Rhaphoneidaceae
                            Balantiopsidaceae
      Bryophyta
                    Dawsoniales
            Hepaticopsida
              Jungermanniidae
                    Monocleales
                            Monocleaceae
        Musci
            Andreaeopsida
                    Andreaeale
              Andreaeidae
                    Andreaeales
                            Andreaeaceae
                    Andreaeobryales
                            Andreaeobryaceae
            Bryopsida
              Bryidae
                      Acrogynae
                      Anacrogynae
                    Archidiales
                            Archidiaceae
                    Bryales
                            Aulacommiaceae
                            Aulacomniaceae
                            Bartramiaceae
                            Bryaceae
                            Catoscopiaceae
                            Hypnodendraceae
                            Hypopterygiaceae
                            Lembophyllaceae
                            Leptostomaceae
                            Meesiaceae
                            Mitteniaceae
                            Mniaceae
                            Pseudoditrichaceae
                            Racopilaceae
                            Rhizogoniaceae
                            Spiridentaceae
                            Timmiaceae
                    Buxbaumiales
                            Buxbaumiaceae
                            Diphysciaceae
                    Dicranales
                            Bruchiaceae
                            Bryoxiphiaceae
                            Dicnemonaceae
                            Dicranaceae
                            Ditrichaceae
                            Eustichiaceae
                            Leucobryaceae
                            Nanobryaceae
                            Phyllodrepaniaceae
                            Pleurophascaceae
                            Rhabdoweisiaceae
                            Sorapillaceae
                            Viridivelleraceae
                    Encalyptales
                    Fissidentales
                            Fissidentaceae
                    Funariales
                            Disceliaceae
                            Ephemeraceae
                            Funariaceae
                            Gigaspermaceae
                            Oedipodiaceae
                            Splachnaceae
                            Splachnobryaceae
                    Grimmiales
                            Grimmiaceae
                            Ptychomitriaceae
                            Scouleriaceae
                    Hookeriales
                            Callicostaceae
                            Daltoniaceae
                            Ephemeropsidaceae
                            Hookeriaceae
                    Hypnales
                            Amblystegiaceae
                            Brachytheciaceae
                            Entodontaceae
                            Fabroniaceae
                            Helodiaceae
                            Hylocomiaceae
                            Hypnaceae
                            Leskeaceae
                            Myriniaceae
                            Plagiotheciaceae
                            Pleuroziopsidaceae
                            Pterigynandraceae
                            Rhytidiaceae
                            Sematophyllaceae
                            Stereophyllaceae
                            Thamnobryaceae
                            Theliaceae
                            Thuidiaceae
                    Hypnobryales
                            Echinodiaceae
                    Isobryales
                            Cyrtopodaceae
                            Fontinalaceae
                            Hydropogonaceae
                            Lepyrodontaceae
                            Phyllogoniceae
                            Prionodontaceae
                            Ptychomniaceae
                            Regmatodontaceae
                            Rutenbergiaceae
                            Trachypodaceae
                            Wardiaceae
                    Leucodontales
                            Anomodontaceae
                            Climaciaceae
                            Cryphaeaceae
                            Hedwigiaceae
                            Leptodontaceae
                            Leucodontaceae
                            Meteoriaceae
                            Neckeraceae
                            Pterobryaceae
                    Orthotrichales
                            Erpodiaceae
                            Helicophyllaceae
                            Microtheciellaceae
                            Orthotrichaceae
                            Rhachitheciaceae
                    Polytrichales
                            Polytrichaceae
                    Pottiales
                            Bryobartramiaceae
                            Calymperaceae
                            Encalyptaceae
                            Pottiaceae
                    Schistostegiales
                            Schistostegaceae
                    Seligerales
                            Seligeriaceae
                    Seligeriales
                    Splachnales
                    Tetraphidales
                            Tetraphidaceae
                    Polytrichidae
                    Tetraphidae
                            Calomniaceae
            Sphagnopsida
              Sphagnidae
                    Sphagnales
                            Sphagnaceae
                    Schistostegales
                    Tetraphales
                            Campyliaceae
                            Catagoniaceae
      Chlorophyta
            Charophyceae
                    Charales
                            Characeae
            Chlorophyceae
                    Chaetophorales
                            Aphanochaetaceae
                            Chaetophoraceae
                    Chlorococcales
                            Characiaceae
                            Chlorococcaceae
                    Microsporales
                            Microsporaceae
                    Oedogoniales
                            Oedogoniaceae
                    Sphaeropleales
                            Ankistrodesmaceae
                            Hydrodictyaceae
                            Scenedesmaceae
                            Selenastraceae
                    Tetrasporales
                            Palmellaceae
                            Palmellopsidaceae
                            Tetrasporaceae
                    Volvocales
                            Chlamydomonadaceae
                            Dunaliellaceae
                            Goniaceae
                            Volvocaceae
            Trebouxiophyceae
                    Chlorellales
                            Chlorellaceae
                            Oocystaceae
                    Oocystales
                    Prasiolales
                    Trebouxiales
                            Botryococcaceae
                    incertae sedis sedis
            Ulvophyceae
                    Bryopsidales
                            Bryopsidaceae
                            Caulerpaceae
                            Codiaceae
                            Dichotomosiphonaceae
                    Cladophorales
                            Anadyomenaceae
                            Cladophoraceae
                    Dasycladales
                            Dasycladaceae
                            Polyphysaceae
                    Siphonocladales
                            Boodleaceae
                    Trentepohliales
                            Trentepohliaceae
                    Ulotrichales
                            Gomontiaceae
                            Ulotrichaceae
                    Ulvales
                            Monostromataceae
                            Ulvaceae
                            Cinclidotaceae
                            Corydalis aqua-gelidae aqua-gelidae
                            Corylaceae
                            Cratoneuraceae
                            Cyathodiaceae
      Ginkgophyta
                    Ginkgoales
                            Ginkgoaceae
            Ginkgoopsida
                            Helotiaceae
      Hepatophyta
        Hepaticae
            Hepatopsida
              Jungermanniae
                    Calobryales
                      Calobryinae
                            Haplomitriaceae
                      Takakiinae
                    Jungermanniales
                            Acrobolbaceae
                            Adelanthaceae
                            Anastrophyllaceae
                            Antheliaceae
                            Arnelliaceae
                      Balantiopsidnae
                            Isotachidaceae
                            Blepharostomataceae
                            Calypogeiaceae
                            Calypogejaceae
                            Cephaloziaceae
                            Cephaloziellaceae
                      Cephaloziinae
                            Jackiellaceae
                            Chonecoleaceae
                            Geocalycaceae
                      Geocalycinae
                            Gymnomitriaceae
                            Gyrothyraceae
                            Herbertaceae
                      Herbertinae
                            Chaetocoleaceae
                            Herzogiariaceae
                            Jubulaceae
                            Jungermanniaceae
                      Jungermanniinae
                            Lophoziaceae
                            Lejeuneaceae
                      Lepicoleinae
                            Vetaformaceae
                      Lepidolaeninae
                            Lepidolaenaceae
                            Neotrichocoleaceae
                            Lepidoziaceae
                      Lepidoziinae
                            Phycolepidoziaceae
                            Lophocoleaceae
                            Mastigophoraceae
                            Mesoptychiaceae
                      Perssoniellinae
                            Schistochilaceae
                            Plagiochilaceae
                            Pleuroziaceae
                      Pleuroziinae
                            Porellaceae
                      Porellinae
                            Goebeliellaceae
                            Metzgeriopsaceae
                            Pseudolepicoleaceae
                            Ptilidiaceae
                      Ptilidinae
                            Chaetophyllopsaceae
                            Ptiliaceae
                            Radulaceae
                      Radulinae
                            Scapaniaceae
                            Solenostomataceae
                            Trichocoleaceae
                    Metzgeriales
                            Allisoniaceae
                            Aneuraceae
                            Blasiaceae
                      Codoniineae
                            Fossombroniaceae
                      Marchantiidae
                            Metzgeriaceae
                      Metzgeriineae
                            Hymenophytaceae
                            Makinoaceae
                            Pallavicinaceae
                            Verdoorniaceae
                            Pallaviciniaceae
                            Pelliaceae
                      Phyllothallinae
                            Phyllothalliaceae
                            Treubiaceae
                      Treubiineae
                    Takakiales
                            Takakiaceae
              Marchantiae
                    Marchantiales
                            Aytoniaceae
                            Cleveaceae
                            Conocephalaceae
                            Corsiniaceae
                            Lunulariaceae
                            Marchantiaceae
                      Marchantiineae
                            Carrpaceae
                            Exormothecaceae
                            Monosoleniaceae
                            Oxymitraceae
                            Ricciaceae
                      Ricciinae
                            Targioniaceae
                    Sphaerocarpales
                            Reillaceae
                            Riellaceae
                            Sphaerocarpaceae
                            Illecebraceae
                            Leiosporocerotaceae
                            Lepicoleaceae
                            Leucomiaceae
      Lycophyta
      Magnoliophyta
             [Angiospermae]
       Anita Grade clade 1
                    Amborellales
                            Amborellaceae
                    Nymphaeales
                            Cabombaceae
                            Nymphaeaceae
       Anita Grade clade 2
                    Austrobaileyales
                            Schisandraceae
                            Trimeniaceae
                    Ceratophyllales
                            Ceratophyllaceae
                    Chloranthales
                            Chloranthaceae
         Eudicots
                    Buxales
                            Buxaceae
             Core Eudicots
               Asterids
               Campanulids
                    Apiales
                            Apiaceae
                                   [Umbelliferae]
                            Araliaceae
                            Griseliniaceae
                            Pittosporaceae
                    Aquifoliales
                            Aquifoliaceae
                            Cardiopteridaceae
                            Phyllonomaceae
                            Stemonuraceae
                    Asterales
                            Argophyllaceae
                            Asteraceae
                                   [Compositae]
                            Calyceraceae
                            Campanulaceae
                            Goodeniaceae
                            Menyanthaceae
                            Stylidiaceae
                    Bruniales
                            Bruniaceae
                            Columelliaceae
                    Dipsacales
                            Adoxaceae
                            Caprifoliaceae
                            Dipsacaceae
                            Valerianaceae
                    Escalloniales
                            Escalloniaceae
                    Cornales
                            Alangiaceae
                            Cornaceae
                            Davidiaceae
                            Hydrangeaceae
                            Loasaceae
                            Nyssaceae
                    Ericales
                            Actinidiaceae
                            Balsaminaceae
                            Clethraceae
                            Cyrillaceae
                            Diapensiaceae
                            Ebenaceae
                            Empetraceae
                            Epacridaceae
                            Ericaceae
                            Fouquieriaceae
                            Lecythidaceae
                            Marcgraviaceae
                            Monotropaceae
                            Pentaphylacaceae
                            Polemoniaceae
                            Primulaceae
                            Pyrolaceae
                            Sapotaceae
                            Sarraceniaceae
                            Styracaceae
                            Symplocaceae
                            Tetrameristaceae
                            Theaceae
               Lamiids
                    Boraginales
                            Boraginaceae
                            Ehretiaceae
                            Heliotropiaceae
                            Icacinaceae
                            Metteniusaceae
                    Garryales
                            Garryaceae
                    Gentianales
                            Apocynaceae
                            Asclepiadaceae
                            Gelsemiaceae
                            Gentianaceae
                            Loganiaceae
                            Rubiaceae
                    Lamiales
                            Acanthaceae
                            Bignoniaceae
                            Calceolariaceae
                            Carlemanniaceae
                            Gesneriaceae
                            Lamiaceae
                                   [Labiatae]
                            Lennoaceae
                            Lentibulariaceae
                            Linderniaceae
                            Martyniaceae
                            Oleaceae
                            Orobanchaceae
                            Paulowniaceae
                            Pedaliaceae
                            Phrymaceae
                            Plantaginaceae
                            Plocospermataceae
                            Schlegeliaceae
                            Scrophulariaceae
                            Stilbaceae
                            Tetrachondraceae
                            Verbenaceae
                    Solanales
                            Convolvulaceae
                            Cuscutaceae
                            Hydroleaceae
                            Hydrophyllaceae
                            Montiniaceae
                            Solanaceae
                            Sphenocleaceae
                    Berberidopsidales
                            Aextoxicaceae
                            Berberidopsidaceae
                    Caryophyllales
                            Achatocarpaceae
                            Aizoaceae
                            Amaranthaceae
                            Anacampserotaceae
                            Basellaceae
                            Cactaceae
                            Caryophyllaceae
                            Chenopodiaceae
                            Didiereaceae
                            Droseraceae
                            Frankeniaceae
                            Gisekiaceae
                            Halophytaceae
                            Microteaceae
                            Molluginaceae
                            Montiaceae
                            Nepenthaceae
                            Nyctaginaceae
                            Phytolaccaceae
                            Plumbaginaceae
                            Polygonaceae
                            Portulacaceae
                            Rhabdodendraceae
                            Sarcobataceae
                            Simmondsiaceae
                            Stegnospermataceae
                            Talinaceae
                            Tamaricaceae
                    Dilleniales
                            Dilleniaceae
                    Gunnerales
                            Gunneraceae
               Rosids
               Fabids
                    Celastrales
                            Celastraceae
                            Dichapetelaceae
                            Geissolomataceae
                            Hippocrateaceae
                            Lepidobotryaceae
                            Siphonodontaceae
                            Stackhousiaceae
                    Cucurbitales
                            Anisophylleaceae
                            Apodanthaceae
                            Begoniaceae
                            Coriariaceae
                            Corynocarpaceae
                            Cucurbitaceae
                            Datiscaceae
                    Fabales
                            Fabaceae
                                   [Leguminosae]
                            Polygalaceae
                            Quillajaceae
                            Surianaceae
                    Fagales
                            Balanopaceae
                            Betulaceae
                            Casuarinaceae
                            Fagaceae
                            Juglandaceae
                            Myricaceae
                            Nothofagaceae
                            Ticodendraceae
                    Malpighiales
                            Achariaceae
                            Bonnetiaceae
                            Calophyllaceae
                            Caryocaraceae
                            Chrysobalanaceae
                            Clusiaceae
                                   [Guttiferae]
                            Dichapetalaceae
                            Elatinaceae
                            Erythroxylaceae
                            Euphorbiaceae
                            Euphroniaceae
                            Goupiaceae
                            Humiriaceae
                            Hypericaceae
                            Ixonanthaceae
                            Lacistemataceae
                            Linaceae
                            Lophopyxidaceae
                            Malpighiaceae
                            Ochnaceae
                            Passifloraceae
                            Peraceae
                            Phyllanthaceae
                            Picrodendraceae
                            Podostemaceae
                            Putranjivaceae
                            Rhizophoraceae
                            Salicaceae
                            Trigoniaceae
                            Violaceae
                    Oxalidales
                            Brunelliaceae
                            Connaraceae
                            Cunoniaceae
                            Elaeocarpaceae
                            Oxalidaceae
                    Rosales
                            Alseuosmiaceae
                            Byblidaceae
                            Cannabaceae
                            Cephalotaceae
                            Davidsoniaceae
                            Elaeagnaceae
                            Eucryphiaceae
                            Moraceae
                            Neuradaceae
                            Rhamnaceae
                            Rosaceae
                            Ulmaceae
                            Urticaceae
                    Zygophyllales
                            Krameriaceae
                            Zygophyllaceae
               Malvids
                    Brassicales
                            Bataceae
                            Brassicaceae
                                   [Cruciferae]
                            Capparaceae
                            Caricaceae
                            Cleomaceae
                            Koeberliniaceae
                            Limnanthaceae
                            Moringaceae
                            Resedaceae
                            Salvadoraceae
                            Setchellanthaceae
                            Stixaceae
                            Tovariaceae
                            Tropaeolaceae
                    Crossosomatales
                            Crossosomataceae
                            Guamatelaceae
                            Stachyuraceae
                            Staphyleaceae
                    Geraniales
                            Geraniaceae
                            Melianthaceae
                            Vivianiaceae
                    Huerteales
                            Dipentodontaceae
                            Monoblepharidales
                    Malvales
                            Bixaceae
                            Bombacaceae
                            Capparidaceae
                            Cistaceae
                            Cochlospermaceae
                            Cytinaceae
                            Dipterocarpaceae
                            Malvaceae
                            Muntingiaceae
                            Scytopetalaceae
                            Sterculiaceae
                            Thymelaeaceae
                            Tiliaceae
                    Myrtales
                            Alzateaceae
                            Combretaceae
                            Crypteroniaceae
                            Dialypetalanthaceae
                            Lythraceae
                            Melastomataceae
                            Myrtaceae
                            Oliniaceae
                            Onagraceae
                            Peneaceae
                            Punicaceae
                            Trapaceae
                            Vochysiaceae
                    Picramniales
                            Picramniaceae
                    Sapindales
                            Aceraceae
                            Akaniaceae
                            Anacardiaceae
                            Burseraceae
                            Cneoraceae
                            Greyiaceae
                            Hippocastanaceae
                            Julianaceae
                            Meliaceae
                            Nitrariaceae
                            Rutaceae
                            Sapindaceae
                            Simaroubaceae
                            Stylobasiaceae
                            Xanthoceraceae
                    Santalales
                            Aptandraceae
                            Balanophoraceae
                            Cervantesiaceae
                            Coulaceae
                            Cynomoriaceae
                            Eremolepidaceae
                            Erythropalaceae
                            Grubbiaceae
                            Loranthaceae
                            Medusandraceae
                            Misodendraceae
                            Nanodeaceae
                            Olacaceae
                            Opiliaceae
                            Santalaceae
                            Schoepfiaceae
                            Strombosiaceae
                            Viscaceae
                            Ximeniaceae
                    Saxifragales
                            Altingiaceae
                            Cercidiphyllaceae
                            Crassulaceae
                            Grossulariaceae
                            Haloragaceae
                            Hamamelidaceae
                            Iteaceae
                            Paeoniaceae
                            Saxifragaceae
                    Vitales
                            Vitaceae
                    Proteales
                            Nelumbonaceae
                            Platanaceae
                            Proteaceae
                    Ranunculales
                            Berberidaceae
                    Podophyllum
                            Circaeasteraceae
                            Lardizabalaceae
                            Menispermaceae
                            Papaveraceae
                            Ranunculaceae
                            Sabiaceae
                    Trochodendrales
                            Tetracentraceae
                            Trochodendraceae
            Liliopsida
                   [Liliatae]
                   [Monocotyledoneae]
              Alismatidae
                    Hydrocharitales
                    Najadales
                            Najadaceae
                            Zannichelliaceae
                    Triuridales
                            Petrosaviaceae
              Arecidae
                    Arales
                            Lemnaceae
                    Cyclanthales
              Commelinidae
                    Cyperales
                    Eriocaulales
                    Hydatellales
                    Juncales
                    Restionales
                            Anarthriaceae
                            Ecdeiocoleaceae
                    Typhales
                            Sparganiaceae
              Liliidae
                    Orchidales
                            Geosiridaceae
              Zingiberidae
                    Bromeliales
               Magnoliids
                    Canellales
                            Canellaceae
                            Winteraceae
                    Laurales
                            Atherospermataceae
                            Calycanthaceae
                            Gomortegaceae
                            Hernandiaceae
                            Lauraceae
                            Monimiaceae
                            Siparunaceae
                    Magnoliales
                            Annonaceae
                            Austrobaileyaceae
                            Degeneriaceae
                            Eupomatiaceae
                            Himantandraceae
                            Magnoliaceae
                            Myristicaceae
                            Sonneratiaceae
                    Piperales
                            Aristolochiaceae
                            Hydnoraceae
                            Lactoridaceae
                            Piperaceae
                            Saururaceae
            Magnoliopsida
                   [Dicotyledoneae]
                   [Magnoliatae]
              Asteridae
                    Callitrichales
                            Callitrichaceae
                            Hippuridaceae
                    Calycerales
                    Campanulales
                            Brunoniaceae
                            Pentaphragmataceae
                            Stylidiceae
                    Plantaginales
                    Polemoniales
                            Nolanaceae
                    Rubiales
                    Scrophulariales
                            Buddlejaceae
                            Globulariaceae
                            Hydrostachyaceae
                            Myoporaceae
              Caryophyllidae
                    Plumbaginales
                    Polygonales
              Dilleniidae
                    Batales
                    Capparales
                    Diapensiales
                    Ebenales
                            Lissocarpaceae
                    Lecythidales
                    Nepenthales
                    Primulales
                            Myrsinaceae
                            Theophrastaceae
                    Salicales
                    Sarraceniales
                    Theales
                            Medusagynaceae
                            Quiinaceae
                            Rhopalocarpaceae
                            Sarcolaenaceae
                    Umbellales
                    Violales
                            Ancistrocladaceae
                            Dioncophyllaceae
                            Flacourtiaceae
                            Hoplestigmataceae
                            Malesherbiaceae
                            Peridiscaceae
                            Scyphostegiaceae
                            Turneraceae
              Hamamelidae
                    Casuarinales
                    Hamamelidales
                            Didymelaceae
                            Eupteleaceae
                            Myrothamnaceae
                    Juglandales
                            Rhoipteleaceae
                    Leitneriales
                            Leitneriaceae
                    Myricales
                    Urticales
                            Barbeyaceae
                            Cecropiaceae
              Hamamelididae
                    Daphniphyllales
                    Didymelales
                    Eucommiales
                            Eucommiaceae
              Magnoliidae
                    Aristolochiales
                    Illiciales
                            Illiciaceae
                    Papaverales
                            Fumariaceae
              Rosidae
                    Euphorbiales
                            Daphniphyllaceae
                            Pandaceae
                    Haloragales
                            Halorrhagidaceae
                            Theligonaceae
                    Linales
                    Podostemales
                            Podostemonaceae
                    Polygalales
                            Tremandraceae
                            Xanthophyllaceae
                    Rafflesiales
                            Mitrastemonaceae
                            Rafflesiaceae
                    Rhamnales
                            Leeaceae
                    Rhizophorales
                            Thymrlaeaceae
         Monocots
                    Acorales
                            Acoraceae
                    Alismatales
                            Alismataceae
                            Aponogetonaceae
                            Araceae
                            Butomaceae
                            Cymodoceaceae
                            Hydrocharitaceae
                            Juncaginaceae
                            Limnocharitaceae
                            Posidoniaceae
                            Potamogetonaceae
                            Ruppiaceae
                            Scheuchzeriaceae
                            Tofieldiaceae
                            Zosteraceae
                    Asparagales
                            Alliaceae
                            Amaryllidaceae
                            Asparagaceae
                            Asteliaceae
                            Boryaceae
                            Doryanthaceae
                            Hyacinthaceae
                            Hypoxidaceae
                            Iridaceae
                            Orchidaceae
                            Tecophilaeaceae
                            Xanthorrhoeaceae
               Commelinids
                    Arecales
                            Arecaceae
                                   [Palmae]
                    Commelinales
                            Commelinaceae
                            Dasypogonaceae
                            Haemodoraceae
                            Hanguanaceae
                            Philydraceae
                            Pontederiaceae
                    Poales
                            Bromeliaceae
                            Centrolepidaceae
                            Cyperaceae
                            Eriocaulaceae
                            Flagellariaceae
                            Joinvilleaceae
                            Juncaceae
                            Mayacaceae
                            Poaceae
                                   [Gramineae]
                            Rapateaceae
                            Restionaceae
                            Thurniaceae
                            Typhaceae
                            Xyridaceae
                    Zingiberales
                            Cannaceae
                            Costaceae
                            Heliconiaceae
                            Lowiaceae
                            Marantaceae
                            Musaceae
                            Strelitziaceae
                            Zingiberaceae
                    Dioscoreales
                            Burmanniaceae
                            Dioscoreaceae
                            Nartheciaceae
                    Liliales
                            Agavaceae
                            Aloaceae
                            Aloeaceae
                            Colchicaceae
                            Corsiaceae
                            Cyanastraceae
                            Dracaenaceae
                            Lapageriaceae
                            Liliaceae
                                   [Alstroemeriaceae]
                            Melanthiaceae
                            Philesiaceae
                            Rhipogonaceae
                            Smilacaceae
                            Taccaceae
                    Pandanales
                            Cyclanthaceae
                            Pandanaceae
                            Stemonaceae
                            Triuridaceae
                            Velloziaceae
      Marchantiophyta
            Jungermanniopsida
            Marchantiopsida
      Monilophyta
                            Myraceae
                            Penaeaceae
                            Phormiaceae
                            Phyllogoniaceae
                            Pilotrichaceae
      Polypodiophyta
      Psilotophyta
            Psilotopsida
                    Psilotales
                            Psilotaceae
                            Pteridophyte
      Pyrrophycophyta
            Dinophyceae
                    Actiniscales
                            Actiniscaceae
                    Blastodiniales
                    Brachydiniales
                            Brachydiniaceae
                    Dinophysiales
                            Amphisoleniaceae
                            Dinophysiaceae
                    Dinotrichales
                            Dinotrichaceae
                    Gonyaulacales
                            Calciodinellaceae
                            Ceratiaceae
                            Ceratocoryaceae
                            Cladopyxidaceae
                            Crypthecodiniaceae
                            Goniodomataceae
                            Gonyaulacaceae
                            Heterodiniaceae
                            Ostreopsidaceae
                            Oxytoxaceae
                            Protoperidinaceae
                            Pyrocystaceae
                            Pyrophacaceae
                            Thecadiniaceae
                    Gymnodiniales
                            Gymnodiniaceae
                            Warnowiaceae
                    Lophodiniales
                            Lophodiniaceae
                    Noctilucales
                            Kofoidiniaceae
                            Leptodiscaceae
                            Noctilucaceae
                    Peridiniales
                            Amphilothaceae
                            Archaeosphaerodiniopsidaceae
                            Blastodiniaceae
                            Coccidinaceae
                            Dinosphaeraceae
                            Endodiniaceae
                            Glenodiniaceae
                            Glenodiniopsidaceae
                            Haplozoonaceae
                            Kolkwitziellaceae
                            Oodiniaceae
                            Paradiniaceae
                            Peridiniaceae
                            Podolampaceae
                            Podolampadaceae
                            Polykrikaceae
                            Pronoctilucaceae
                            Protoceratiaceae
                            Ptychochscaceae
                            Syndiniaceae
                            Triadiniaceae
                    Phytodiniales
                            Phytodiniaceae
                    Prorocentrales
                            Oxyphysaceae
                            Prorocentraceae
                    Ptychodiscales
                            Ptychodiscaceae
                    Suessiales
                            Symbiodiniaceae
                    Syndiniales
                    Thoracosphaerales
                            Thoracosphaeraceae
                            Rhacocarpaceae
      Rhodophyta
            Florideophyceae
                    Ahnfeltiales
                            Ahnfeltiaceae
                    Batrachospermales
                            Batrachospermaceae
                    Ceramiales
                            Callithamniaceae
                            Ceramiaceae
                            Delesseriaceae
                            Rhodomelaceae
                    Corallinales
                            Hapalidiaceae
                    Gigartinales
                            Acrosymphytaceae
                            Gigartinaceae
                            Gracilariaceae
                            Solieriaceae
                    Halymeniales
                            Halymeniaceae
                    Nemaliales
                            Acrochaetiaceae
                            Bonnemaisoniaceae
                            Gelidiaceae
                    Rhodymeniales
                            Champiaceae
                            Hymenocladiaceae
                            Lomentariaceae
                            Rhodymeniaceae
            Not assigned
                    Cryptonemiales
                            Corallinaceae
                            Hildenbrandiaceae
                            Kallymeniaceae
                            Rigodiaceae
      Streptophyta
            Coleochaetophyceae
                    Coleochaetales
                            Chaetosphaeridiaceae
                            Coleochaetaceae
            Mesostigmatophyceae
                    Chaetosphaeridiales
            Zygnematophyceae
                    Zygnematales
                            Closteriaceae
                            Desmidiaceae
                            Mesotaeniaceae
                            Zygnemataceae
                            Symphyodontaceae
                            Tecophilaceae
                            Ternstroemiaceae
    Tracheobionta
      Coniferophyta
            Coniferopsida
                    Coniferales
                            Abietaceae
            Cordaitopsida
                    Cordaitales
                    Pinales
                            Araucariaceae
                            Cephalotaxaceae
                            Cupressaceae
                            Pinaceae
                            Podocarpaceae
                            Sciadopityaceae
                            Taxaceae
                            Taxodiaceae
            Pinopsida
                    Taxales
            Taxopsida
      Cycadophyta
                    Cycadales
                            Cycadaceae
                            Stangeriaceae
                            Zamiaceae
            Cycadopsida
      Equisetophyta
            Equisetopsida
                    Equisetales
                            Equisetaceae
      Gnetophyta
                    Gnetales
                            Gnetaceae
            Gnetopsida
                    Ephedrales
                            Ephedraceae
                    Welwitschiales
                            Welwitschiaceae
      Lycopodiophyta
                    Lycopodiales
                            Lycopodiaceae
            Lycopodiopsida
                    Isoetales
                            Isoetaceae
                    Selaginellales
                            Selaginellaceae
      Pinophyta
      Psilophyta
            Psilopsida
      Pteridophyta
            Filicatae
                    Filicales
            Filicopsida
                    Blechnales
                    Hydropteridales
                            Azollaceae
                            Azolliaceae
                    Ophioglossales
                            Ophioglossaceae
            Marattiopsida
                    Marattiales
                            Marattiaceae
            Polypodiopsida
                    Cyatheales
                            Cibotiaceae
                            Culcitaceae
                            Cyatheaceae
                            Dicksoniaceae
                            Loxomataceae
                            Loxsomataceae
                            Metaxyaceae
                            Plagiogyriaceae
                            Thyrsopteridaceae
                    Gleicheniales
                            Dipteridaceae
                            Gleicheniaceae
                    Hymenophyllales
                            Hymenophyllaceae
                    Osmundales
                            Osmundaceae
                    Polypodiales
                            Aspleniaceae
                            Athyriaceae
                            Blechnaceae
                            Ceratopteridaceae
                            Davalliaceae
                            Dennstaedtiaceae
                            Desmophlebiaceae
                            Dryopteridaceae
                            Grammitidaceae
                            Lindsaeaceae
                            Lomariopsidaceae
                            Lophosoriaceae
                            Nephrolepidaceae
                            Oleandraceae
                            Onocleaceae
                            Parkeriaceae
                            Polypodiaceae
                            Pteridaceae
                                   [Adianaceae]
                            Saccolomataceae
                            Tectariaceae
                            Thelypteridaceae
                            Vittariaceae
                            Woodsiaceae
                    Salviniales
                            Marsileaceae
                            Salviniaceae
                    Schizaeales
                            Anemiaceae
                            Lygodiaceae
                            Schizaeaceae
      Tracheophyta
    Tracheophytes
      Spermatophyta
                            Trilliaceae